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Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für lorry driver im Online-Wörterbuch top-avatars.nl (Deutschwörterbuch). Lorry driver Definition: a person who drives a lorry ; a truck driver | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und Beispiele. Some five million kilometres covered without accidents or damage also bear witness to the quality of driving of the lorry driver, as do the highest places on the. Übersetzung im Kontext von „lorry driver“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: The system warns pedestrians and cyclists if a lorry driver wants to turn. Übersetzung im Kontext von „the lorry driver“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: We need a common platform, so that any data fed into the computer is.
Lorry driver Definition: a person who drives a lorry ; a truck driver | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und Beispiele. Übersetzung im Kontext von „lorry driver“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: The system warns pedestrians and cyclists if a lorry driver wants to turn. Übersetzung Englisch-Spanisch für lorry driver im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion.
Home Driving and transport Lorry, bus and coach drivers. Become a qualified lorry or bus driver. Getting qualified To become a lorry, bus or coach driver you need to: have a full car licence be over 18 - but there are some exceptions get a professional driving qualification called the Driver Certificate of Professional Competence CPC Who needs the full Driver CPC You must have the full Driver CPC if you drive a lorry, bus or coach as the main part of your job.
Who does not need the full Driver CPC You do not need the full Driver CPC if you: do not want to drive for a living, for example you want to drive for a hobby or carry passengers or goods non-commercially for personal use drive in certain other situations , such as taking your vehicle for a pre-booked annual test MOT You still need to pass the part 1 theory and part 3 driving ability tests of the qualification.
Take 35 hours of periodic training every 5 years to stay qualified. Print entire guide. Related content Adding higher categories to your driving licence Book your theory test Book your driving test Driver CPC training for qualified drivers.
Explore the topic Driving licences Lorry, bus and coach drivers Lorries and buses. Is this page useful? Maybe Yes this page is useful No this page is not useful.
Thank you for your feedback. The unsafe actions of automobile drivers are a contributing factor in about 70 percent of the fatal crashes involving trucks.
More public awareness of how to share the road safely with large trucks is needed. Still, progress has been made.
If a truck is stopped by a law enforcement agent or at an inspection station, information on the truck complies and OOS violations are logged.
A violation out of service is defined by federal code as an imminent hazard under 49 U. This has led to some insurance companies wanting to monitor driver behavior and requiring electronic log and satellite monitoring.
In  there were fatalities involving large trucks, of which were attributed to combination unit trucks defined as any number of trailers behind a tractor.
In cases where two vehicles, a car and a truck, were involved, 46 percent of the cases involved the truck's driver and 56 percent involved the car's driver.
While the truck and car in two vehicle accidents share essentially half the burden of the accidents not 70 percent as stated above , the top six driver factors are essentially also the same and in approximately equivalent percentages: Prescription drug use, over the counter drug use, unfamiliarity with the road, speeding, making illegal maneuvers, inadequate surveillance.
This suggests that the truck driver makes the same errors as the car driver and vice versa. Truck drivers often spend their nights parked at a truck stop , rest area , or on the shoulder of a freeway ramp.
Sometimes these are in secluded areas or dangerous neighborhoods, which account for a number of deaths due to drivers being targeted by thieves for their valuable cargo, money, and property, or for the truck and trailer themselves.
Drivers of trucks towing flatbed trailers are responsible for securing and strapping down their cargo which often involves climbing onto the cargo itself , and if the load requires tarping necessitates climbing on the load to spread out tarps.
Drivers spend long hours behind the wheel, which can cause strain on the back muscles. Some drivers are responsible for unloading their cargo, which can lead to many back strains and sprains due to overexertion and improper lifting techniques.
Department of Transportation US DOT shows that "parking areas for trucks and buses along major roads and highways are more than adequate across the nation when both public rest areas and commercial parking facilities are factored in.
One challenge of finding truck parking is made difficult perhaps not because there are insufficient parking spaces "nationwide", but where the majority of those spaces are not located, and most needed; near the most densely populated areas where demand for trucked goods is greatest.
As urban areas continue to sprawl, land for development of private truck stops nearby becomes prohibitively expensive and there seems to be an understandable reluctance on the part of the citizenry to live near a facility where a large number of trucks may be idling their engines all night, every night, or to experience the associated increase in truck traffic on local streets.
Exacerbating the problem are parking restrictions or prohibitions in commercial areas where plenty of space exists and the fact that shippers and receivers of freight tend to prefer to ship and receive truckloads in the early and late portions of the business day.
The end result is an increase in truck traffic during the morning and evening rush hours when traffic is most dense, commuters exhibit the least patience, and safety is compromised.
Idling restrictions further complicate the ability of drivers to obtain adequate rest, as this example from California may illustrate:.
Commercial diesel-fueled vehicles with a GVWR greater than 10, pounds are subject to the following idling restrictions effective February 1, You may not:.
Drivers are subject to both civil and criminal penalties for violations of this regulation. Among other things, a truck driver's DAC Report contains the driver's identification Name, DOB, SSN , the name and address of the contributing trucking company, the driver's dates of employment with that company, the driver's reason for leaving that company, whether the driver is eligible for rehire, and comments about the driver's work record e.
It will also indicate whether the company stored drug and alcohol testing information with USIS. The DAC report is as critical to the livelihood of a professional truck driver as the credit report is to a consumer.
When a trucking company reports negative information about a truck driver, it can ruin the driver's career by preventing him or her from finding a truck driving job for several years or more.
As long as truck drivers can be threatened with a false DAC report for standing up to management or leaving their company for a better job elsewhere, working conditions at truck driver jobs will not improve.
The HM and crash indicators are not currently publicly available. The system in use until uses a relative scoring system that is based on comparing carriers to their peers .
There have long been truck driver and trucking industry members concerns over the scoring, the bias, especially to smaller carriers according to a General Accountability Office report,  associated with the scoring when non-preventable accidents are included, the public posting of the scoring, and a lack of state mandatory procedures ensuring that a citation that was not prosecuted, or that ended favorably for the driver or carrier, was retracted from the national database because it is flawed, artificially raising the driver or carrier scores, and the insurance industry uses these scores to assess risks on insurance.
The hours of service rules has been changed several times since and is a concern to carriers and drivers. With the new electronic logging device ELD rules that became mandatory on December 18, , for carriers subjected to the RODS rules, more issues have resulted.
Drivers need to be aware that along with the ELD rule is a mandate to carry a paper log book and verify that the ELD manual and instruction sheet is in the truck.
A driver must be able to email or fax the data if directed by a DOT officer. If an ELD malfunctions a driver must create a paper log to comply with the seven or eight day requirements, as well as recording the vehicle inspection.
Congress has mandated the system to be overhauled and proposed FMCSA rules were scrapped as a result. New rules being proposed and testing includes a new Item Response Theory IRT model to replace the current relative rankings system began being tested in September with changes due in During February an independent survey on the driver shortage was carried out by a UK freight exchange.
The purpose of the survey was to get the drivers opinions about the HGV driver shortage. The aim was to establish whether the results of the driver's survey could help the industry and government understand the issues that the drivers are currently facing.
The findings of the survey showed that, in the opinion of the drivers, the three main contributing factors to the driver shortage are 1 Poor wages, 2 Poor driver facilities and 3 The way drivers are treated.
Over a third of all drivers who participated in the survey felt that they were not being treated well by the companies they drove for.
Many companies today utilize some type of satellite vehicle tracking or trailer tracking to assist in fleet management.
In this context "tracking" refers to a location tracking and "satellite" refers either to a GPS or GLONASS satellites system providing location information or communications satellites used for location data transmission.
A special location tracking device also known as a tracker or an AVL unit is installed on a truck and automatically determines its position in real-time and sends it to a remote computer database for visualizing and analysis.
An "in cab" communication device AVL unit often allows a driver to communicate with their dispatcher , who is normally responsible for determining and informing the driver of their pick-up and drop-off locations.
If the AVL unit is connected to a Mobile data terminal or a computer it also allows the driver to input the information from a bill of lading BOL into a simple dot matrix display screen commonly called a " Qualcomm " for that company's ubiquitous OmniTRACS system.
The driver inputs the information, using a keyboard, into an automated system of pre-formatted messages known as macros. There are macros for each stage of the loading and unloading process, such as "loaded and leaving shipper" and "arrived at the final destination".
This system also allows the company to track the driver's fuel usage, speed, gear optimization, engine idle time, location, the direction of travel, and the amount of time spent driving.
Werner Enterprises , a U. Instead of keeping track of working hours on a traditional pen and paper based logbook, the driver informs the company of his status using a macro.
Most truck drivers are employed as over-the-road drivers, meaning they are hired to drive long distances from the place of pickup to the place of delivery.
During the short times while they are in heavily polluted urban areas, being inside the cab of the truck contributes much to avoiding the inhalation of toxic emissions, and on the majority of the trip, while they are passing through vast rural areas where there is little air pollution, truck drivers in general enjoy less exposure to toxic emissions in the air than the inhabitants of large cities, where there is an increased exposure to emissions from engines , factories , etc.
However, the few drivers who are hired to drive only within urban areas do not have this advantage of spending more time away from toxic emissions that is enjoyed by over-the-road drivers.
Other conditions affecting the health of truck drivers are for example vibration, noise, long periods of sitting, work stress and exhaustion.
For drivers in developing countries there are additional risks because roads are in appalling conditions and accidents occur more frequently.
Truck drivers are even a high-risk group for HIV-infection in those countries. In order to address the hazards relative to driver fatigue, many countries have laws limiting the amount of time truck drivers can work.
Many underdeveloped countries either lack such laws or do not enforce them. Drivers who work in mines have extra health hazards due to their working conditions, as the roads they travel are particularly treacherous.
Research has shown that while some truck drivers may get a sufficient amount of sleep, many suffer from undiagnosed sleep disorders that impact the quality of their sleep.
Truckers are allowed to drive a maximum of 11 hours during a continuous hour period, and must be off duty for at least 10 hours. Truck drivers are required to keep a HOS-compliant log.
Failure to produce a driver's log upon request by an enforcement official or non-compliance with HOA regulations, results in a driving penalty or fine.
Researchers reported that in thirteen percent of the crashes resulting in fatalities or injuries, truck driver fatigue was present.
Truck drivers are also sensitive to sleep disorders because of the long hours required at the wheel and, in many cases, the lack of adequate rest.
Traffic fatalities are high and many of them are due to driver fatigue. Drivers with obstructive sleep apnea have a sevenfold increased risk of being involved in a motor vehicle crash.
A CDC report No. Obstructive sleep apnea has been associated with obesity. FMCSA rules states: . Question 1 states that a motor carrier is responsible for ensuring drivers are medically qualified for operating CMVs in interstate commerce.
For a male anything above 17" and for a female 15" was the minimum criteria with drivers above that having to be tested. A new law was passed in Australia requiring that all "over the road" drivers carry their medical information with them when they "are on the clock".
This will help drivers comply with this new law and can also help deliver quick, accurate medical assistance if and when needed.
Eighty percent of truckers have unhealthful eating patterns as a result of poor food choices and food availability at truck stops is partially to blame.
Lack of exercise is another contributing factor to the obesity epidemic in the truck driver population. Available areas are truck stops, highway rest areas, trucking terminals, warehouses, and the truck cab.
Studies have found the risk of obesity increases in high demand, low control jobs, and more so in jobs with long work hours;  the truck driving industry falls under these categories.
Also, daytime sleepiness and night disturbances are associated with obesity,  and are, therefore, common among truck drivers.
Long haul drivers have tight schedules, so they tend to drive longer and get less sleep. Under the old rule, drivers could work up to 82 hours in 7 days.
These regulations were modified in ; but the new rule only permits drivers to work up to 70 hours in 7 days.
Though these fines exist, there is minimal enforcement of the law. Obesity prevalence is affected by access to care for truckers.
Company drivers often have issues with insurance, such as necessary pre-approval if out of network. Most owner-operator drivers do not have any kind of medical insurance that is, in the USA where medical treatment isn't free of charge like most countries.
Moreover, truckers have difficulties making an appointment on the road and often do not know where to stop for assistance. Many self-diagnose or ignore their health issue altogether.
Health care costs are substantially higher for overweight and obese individuals, so obesity in the truck driver population puts a greater financial demand on the industry.
In the s the administration of President Ronald Reagan proposed to put an end to drug abuse in the trucking industry by means of the then-recently developed technique of urinalysis , with his signing of Executive Order , requiring regular random drug testing of all truck drivers nationwide, as well as employees of other DOT -regulated industries specified in the order, though considerations had to be made concerning the effects of an excessively rapid implementation of the measure.
Because of the U. After the stock-market crash , for example, the chain reaction of reduction in sales due to consumers' prioritizing and reducing purchases of luxury items, with companies responding by reducing production and increasing unemployment, exacerbating the cycle of reduction or elimination of production, sales, and employment, had the ultimate result of plunging the nation's economy into the Great Depression.
Likewise, it had to be considered that a sudden halting or stunting of the movement of merchandise, as would occur with a large and sudden vacating of the cargo-transportation workforce, would have similar consequences.
In the years and decades following Executive Order , efforts to begin random drug testing and pre-employment drug screening of truck drivers were not expedited, leaving the change to occur gradually, out of concern for the dangers of excessively rapid change in economic infrastructure.
Since then, a large number of tractor-trailer operators have left the industry in search of other employment, and a new generation of drivers has come in.
Subsequent to the measure it became extremely difficult for truck drivers to engage in drug abuse and remain undetected.
Truck drivers once had a highly elaborate and colorful vocabulary of slang for use over their CB radios , but with the high turnover in the industry in recent decades, this has all but vanished.
Most of the newer generation of drivers in the U. Often older truck drivers speaking over their CB radios are frustrated at new-school truck drivers' lack of understanding of the trucking slang of the '60s, '70s and '80s, and grudgingly resort to standard English when communicating with them.
However today the slang is mostly gone, and some companies such as Swift Transportation consider the CB a safety hazard and prohibit the installation of a CB radio in their tractors.
One form of unspoken communication between drivers is to flash headlights on or off once or twice to indicate that a passing truck has cleared the passed vehicle and may safely change lanes in front of the signaling vehicle.
The passing driver may then flash the trailer or marker lights to indicate thanks. This signal is also sometimes used by other motorists to signal truck drivers.
Continual flashing of headlights or high beams after emerging from around a corner beside a high wall or from any roadway out of sight to oncoming traffic will alert a truck driver in the oncoming lanes to an accident or other obstruction ahead and will warn him to reduce speed or to proceed with caution.
Since truck-driver language has no signal for "Do not move in front of me," nor has any understood length of time for turning headlights or high beams on or off, flashing the high-beams to say "Do not move in front of me" may be misinterpreted to mean that the truck is clear to proceed with the lane change in front of the vehicle giving the signal.
As a rule, "thanks" is signaled to the vehicle behind by switching between the left- and right-turn signal several times, whereas turning on the hazard-warning lights both turn signals means "Slow down; danger ahead".
As cars would normally use the hazard-warning lights for "thanks", in trucks distinction is necessary. The truck blocks the view of drivers behind it, hence a distinction must be made between "Thanks for letting me pass" and "Danger in front, I may brake hard!
Truck drivers also use flashing headlights to warn drivers in the oncoming lane s of a police patrol down the road.
Though not official, two consecutive flashes indicate a police patrol, whereas a rapid series of flashing indicates DMV or other law-enforcement agency that only controls truck drivers.
During the day time, the latter is sometimes accompanied by the signaling driver making a circle with both hands as if holding a tachograph ring.
Flashing headlights to the vehicle in front intended for the other driver to see in their mirror has two meanings. Long flashes are used to signal a truck driver that they are clear to return to the lane.
A series of rapid flashes generally means "You're doing something stupid or dangerous" as in "Do not move in front, trailer not clear!
Truckers also use their 4 ways flashing up a steep hill, mountain roads and on ramps on express ways to let others know that they are traveling at a slow speed and to be cautious approaching them.
In Europe, the general rule for truckers in a right hand driving country is to raise the left hand and to simply open the hand with all fingers extended without waving it at all with the palm facing forward, known as 'the flat hand'.
Or a shorter version is to simply extend the fingers while still keeping the palm in contact with the steering wheel. Raising the right hand is also used in the same way but very rare.
Truck drivers have been the subject of many films, such as They Drive by Night , but they became an especially popular topic in popular culture in the mids, following the release of White Line Fever , and the hit song " Convoy " by C.
McCall , both in The main character of "Convoy" was a truck driver known only by his CB handle C. Three years later, in , a film was released with the same name.
In , another film Smokey and the Bandit , was released, which revolves around the escapades of a truck driver and his friend as they transport a load of bootleg beer across state lines.
Smokey and the Bandit spawned two sequels. The film F. On 17 June , the History Channel began to air Ice Road Truckers , a documentary-style reality television series following truck drivers as they drive across the ice roads in the Northwest Territories in Canada, as they transport equipment to the oil and natural gas mines in that area.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Truck Driver disambiguation. For other uses, see Trucker disambiguation.
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